Table of Contents Number 13
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Notes to Benjamin Rush and Women's Education: A Revolutionary's Disappointment, A Nation's Achievement

1Benjamin Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, Accommodated to the Present State of Society, Manners, and Government, in the United States of America, Addressed to the Visitors of the Young Ladies' Academy in Philadelphia, 28th July, 1787, at the Close of the Quarterly Examination (Philadelphia, 1787), 20.

2Eric Foner, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York, 1976), 75.

3Mary Beth Norton, Liberty's Daughters: The Revolutionary Experience of American Women, 1750-1800, rev. ed. (Ithaca, N.Y., 1996), 259; Linda K. Kerber, Women of the Republic: Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America. (Chapel Hill, N.C., 1980), 191, 203.

4Joan Hoff Wilson, "The Illusion of Change: Women and the American Revolution," in Albert Young, ed., The American Revolution: Explorations in the History of American Radicalism (DeKalb, Ill., 1976), 386-387.

5Norton, Liberty's Daughters, 256.

6Ibid., 256.

7Kerber, Women of the Republic, 199.

8John S.C. Gardiner, A Sermon Delivered . . . before the Members of the Boston Female Asylum (Boston, 1809), 19.

9Nancy F. Cott, The Bonds of Womanhood: "Woman's Sphere" in New England, 1780-1835, 2d ed. (New Haven, Conn., 1997), 103.

10Kerber, Women of the Republic, 210.

11Keith Whitescarver, "Creating Citizens for the Republic: Education in Georgia, 1776-1810," Journal of the Early Republic, XIII (1993), 467.

12Kerber, Women of the Republic, 193-196.

13Benjamin Rush quoted in David Ramsay, An Eulogium upon Benjamin Rush, M.D. (Philadelphia, 1813), 112.

14Ibid., 107.

15Benjamin Rush, Essays, Literary, Moral, and Philosophical (Philadelphia, 1798), 6-7.

16Ibid., 19.

17Rush, Thoughts on Female Education, 20.

18Ibid., 19-20.

19Cott, Bonds of Womanhood, 104; Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, 6-9.

20Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, 6-7.

21Ibid., 9.

22Ibid., 9-10.

23Ibid., 10-11.

24L.H. Butterfield, Benjamin Rush's Letters, 1745-1813 (Princeton, N.J., 1951), 294 (punctuation modernized).

25Benjamin Rush, Plan of Education for Dickinson College [1782], ed. Lyman H. Butterfield (Carlisle, Pa., 1973), 15 (punctuation modernized).

26Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, 14-15.

27Ibid., 16-18.

28David Alkana, "Spiritual and Rational Authority in Benjamin Rush's Travels Through Life," Texas Studies in Literature and Language, XXXIV (1992), 290.

29Rush, Essays, 24.

30Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, 15, 25.

31Butterfield, Benjamin Rush's Letters, 617.

32Kerber, Women of the Republic,193.

33Norton, Liberty's Daughters, 273.

34Kerber, Women of the Republic, 214-215.

35Norton, Liberty's Daughters, 273.

36Ibid., 275-278.

37Barbara E. Lacey, "Women in the Era of the American Revolution: the Case of Norwich, Connecticut," New England Quarterly, LIII (1980), 536-537, 542.

38Rush, Thoughts upon Female Education, 23.

39Cott, Bonds of Womanhood, 125.

40Benjamin Rush quoted in David Freeman Hawke, Benjamin Rush: Revolutionary Gadfly (New York, 1971), 285.

41Abraham Blinderman, Three Early Champions of Education: Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Rush, and Noah Webster (Bloomington, Ind., 1976), 23.