1. Recorder of Deeds and Register of Wills. Cumberland County Court House, Carlisle.

2. Records of the General Synod of Ulster from 1691 to 1820 (Belfast, 1890-98), vol. 2, p. 491. David Stewart, Fasti of the American Presbyterian Church, treating of Ministers of Irish Origin who Laboured in America during the Eighteenth Century (Belfast, 1943), p. 16. James Seaton Reid, History of the Congregations of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland (Belfast and Edinburgh, 1886), pp. 205, 289.

3. Charles A. Hanna, The Scotch Irish ... (N.Y., 1902), vol. 2, p. 382.

4. Henry McKinley, sadler, died in 1814, and is recorded in a deed to the schoolmaster's house as his son. The others appear in Carlisle records as of right age at a time when no other family of the name was present. John became a country schoolmaster. Isaac McKinley, a neighboring physician, may also have been of the family.

5. Centennial Memorial of the Presbytery of Carlisle (Harrisburg, 1889), vol. 1, p. 343. Dr. T. C. Stevenson on his father's life, Murray Papers, DCA, describes the school as "a select Classical Academy here under the direction of the Rev. Mr. McKinley."

6. David Elliott, The Life of the Rev. Elisha Macurdy (Allegheny, Pa., 1848), p. 14.

7. Biographical Sketch of Rev. Thomas Creigh, D.D., read before the Presbytery of Carlisle (Chambersburg, Pa. 1881), p. 3.

8. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle.

9. Ibid.

10. George Chalmers, Life of Thomas Ruddiman (London, 1794), p. 274.

11. The new and successful Wilmington Academy had moved, 1773, from the town hall to a building of its own (PMHB, vol. 49 [1925], pp. 317-18), and a spirit of emulation may be inferred at both Newark and Carlisle.

12. Lucy E. Lee Ewing, Dr. John Ewing and Some of his Noted Connections (Phila., 1924), p. 18. Ewing's letters, Feb. 20, June 24 and July 5, 1774, are in the Van Pelt Library, University of Pennsylvania.

13. Lyman H. Butterfield, ed., Letters of Benjamin Rush (Princeton, 1951), vol. 1, p. 299.

14. Ibid., p. 299n.

15. "In County Committee, Carlisle, May 3d. 1776. Resolved that the Reflections thrown out by Mr. Henry McKinly on Col: William Irwin's Character by giving Coll. Irwine for the author of his slanderous report on Col: Wilson, in the Course of his Defence, appear to this Committee to be false and scandalous." Irvine Papers, HSP, vol. 1, p. 39. Congress joined in the defense of James Wilson, twenty-two of his fellow members certifying, June 20, 1776, that he had "declared it to be his opinion that the Colonies would stand justified before God and the World in declaring an absolute Separation from Great Britain forever," and that he had merely urged postponement of the measure. U. S. Revolution Papers, Library of Congress.

16. Pennsylvania Archives, 5th ser., vol. 3, pp. 671-76, 679-80, 683-88, with history and muster rolls of the regiment. Colonial Records, vol. 10, p. 756. Originals are in the Pennsylvania State Archives and the National Archives. Of the two sheriffs of Cumberland County whose election was announced, Nov. 5, 1776, Henry Makinly received 170 votes and his brother-in-law, Robert Semple, 490. Pennsylvania Archives, 6th ser., vol. 11, p. 157.

17. Pension Rolls, National Archives.

18. Francis Alison, Sr., to his son on obtaining the appointment, PMHB, vol. 29 (1905), pp. 495-96.

19. Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. There is a sequel in John C. Fitzpatrick, ed., The Writings of George Washington (Wash., 1931-44), vol. 8, p. 425. From General Orders, July 18, 1777, we learn of the court martial of Private Robert Story, charged with desertion from "the 11th Penn: Regt., and inlisting into Capt McKinley's Company of the 12th Pennsylv: Regiment." The court declared him entitled to pardon by the Commander-in-Chief, upon returning the bounty to Captain McKinley.

20. To the Committee of Correspondence at Carlisle, Aug. 13, 1775. Founders Collection, DCA.

21. PMHB, vol. 41 (1917), p. 258.

22. Thomas G. Tousey, Military History of Carlisle and Carlisle Barracks (Richmond, Va., 1939), p. 93.

23. John Creigh to John Hay, Aug. 25, 1777. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle.

24. F. B. Heitman, Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army (Baltimore, 1932). He is also cited as having resigned because of the depletion of his regiment. He was later a member of Assembly and a justice for Northumberland County. PMHB, vol. 3 (1879), pp. 320-21.

25. "A true state" of the Twelvth Pennsylvania at the time when it was combined with the Third, National Archives. See also Pennsylvania Archives, 5th ser., vol. 2, p. 910; vol. 3, P. 683.

26. Sept. 12, 1778. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle

27. Centennial Memorial, vol. 2, p. 221, giving him the rank of lieutenant-colonel of militia. Conway P. Wing, History of Cumberland County (Phila., 1879), p. 91n. Pennsylvania Archives, 5th ser., vol. 6, p. 155.

28. Wing, pp. 90-91.

29. History of Cumberland and Adams Counties (Chicago, 1886), p. 95. PMHB, vol. 66 (1942), p. 23.

30. Centennial Memorial, vol. 2, p. 221.

31. Samuel Postlethwaite to Col. John Davis, Aug. 27, 1779. Davis to Gen. William Irvine, Sept. 8, 1779. John Davis Papers, Library of Congress.

32. To John Agnew, March 30, 1780. Cumberland County Historical Society, Carlisle.

33. Register of Wills and court records, Cumberland County, Pa. Henry Makinly was involved frequently in litigation up to July, 1784. The surviving tax lists do not record him as deceased until 1787. Letters of administration were issued to John Steel, Jr., Feb. 7, 1792, and account filed, June 15, 1796.

34. Recorder of Deeds, Cumberland County, vol. 1, Book F, p. 28. The house was on the south side of High Street, Lot No. 36.

35. Personal recollections of Ross by George Chambers, a Dickinson College trustee who had been his pupil at Chambersburg, and by "W. D. and "J. S. F." appear in Historical Magazine, ser. 1, vol. 6 (1862), pp. 324-25, 261-62, 357-58. See also Joseph Henry Dubbs, "James Ross, Latinist. An Early Lancaster Pedagogue," Papers Read before the Lancaster County Historical Society, vol. 9 (1904), pp. 32-36; and U. L. Gordy, "The Chambersburg Academy," The Kittochtinny Historical Society Papers, vol. 9 (1923), pp. 568-69, 578- 80.

36. Joseph Smith, History of Jefferson College (Pittsburgh, 1857), p. 70, giving the recollection of James Power, Princeton Class of 1766, who described Ross as a "class mate." They were together at the Faggs Manor school but it has not been substantiated that Ross was at Princeton.

37. Historical Magazine, p. 357.

38. Undated. DCA.

39. Luther Reily Kelker, History of Dauphin County, Pennsylvania (N.Y. and Chicago, 1907), vol. 2, pp. 573-74.

40. Historical Magazine, p. 357. The story is typical of the often apocryphal anecdotes which garnish a teacher's reputation. Another version appears, ibid., p. 261.

41. Ross to William Young, April 26, 1786, DCA, on a Latin prosody to be added anonymously to Young's forthcoming edition of Ruddiman's Rudiments (Phila., 1786). Later, Young and Nisbet enjoyed a long and friendly correspondence, perhaps initiated by Ross.

42. An announcement in the Carlisle Gazette, Sept. 24, 1800, states that Ross has been a teacher of Greek and Latin "for more than 30 years."

43. Princeton's degree is recorded in the Trustees' Minutes, but the General Catalogue of 1906 mistakenly identifies the recipient as the Pennsylvania Senator, James Ross.

44. Historical Magazine, p. 357.

45. Presbytery Minutes, Presbyterian Historical Society, Phila. The Minutes also record the appointment of committees to examine the school on April 11 and August 17, 1782.

46. Bill to "The Trustees for Erecting the Latin School-House in the town of Carlisle to John Creigh." DCA.

47. Edward W. Biddle, The Old College Lot (Carlisle, 1920), pp. 6-9.

48. Whitfield J. Bell, Jr., "The Other Man on Bingham's Porch," SL 2, p. 36.

49. Butterfield, vol. 1, p. 309.

50. To John Montgomery, ibid., vol. 2, p. 834.

51. Lyman H. Butterfield, "Benjamin Rush and the Beginnings of 'John and Mary's College,' " SL 1, p. 39.